• Girl suffering itching scratching eyes

Scratched Eye Symptoms and Treatment

If you have a scratched eye, it is most like­ly in the area of the eye known as your cornea. The cornea works to let light into your eye so that you can get a good range of vision. It is the out­ward-fac­ing area of the sur­face of your eye direct­ly in front of the iris and pupil. The cornea is vital to your good vision and healthy eyes as it is a com­plex part of your eye includ­ing five dif­fer­ent lay­ers from front to back. The clear front sur­face of your eye, known as your cornea can become scratched with air­borne debris, for­eign objects, or trau­ma. It is very impor­tant to call Dia­mond Vision imme­di­ate­ly if you notice symp­toms of a scratched cornea.

Common Symptoms of a Corneal Abrasion 

You may be won­der­ing, “How can you tell if you scratched your cornea?” If you are an active per­son it could be fair­ly com­mon to suf­fer from sur­face scratch­es on your eye, and not even notice. How­ev­er, if you are suf­fer­ing from these com­mon symp­toms of a corneal abra­sion you may need imme­di­ate treat­ment:

  • A feel­ing that some­thing is in your eye
  • Teary, watery eyes
  • Red eyes
  • Blur­ry vision
  • Headaches
  • Sen­si­tiv­i­ty to sun­light
  • Loss of vision in your eye

NOTE: You may be able to reduce your risk of a scratched cornea by wear­ing pro­tec­tive eye­wear in high-risk areas. Dry eyes increase your risk of corneal abra­sion so you may also want to pro­tect your eyes from corneal scratch­ing with eye drops. 

What is Your Eye Cornea?

A scratched eye is one of the most com­mon optic injuries. While many peo­ple suf­fer from the scratched white part of the eye they may not real­ize what a scratched cornea is because they do not under­stand the lay­ers of the eye. The clear area of your eye is known as the cornea, and it is the dome peak of the win­dow of your eyes. Clear, and del­i­cate, the cornea is prone to abra­sions, scratch­es, and irri­ta­tion.

Your cornea lets light enter your eye for vision, and also pro­vides about 75 per­cent of your eye focus abil­i­ty. Beyond that, your cornea has indi­vid­ual lay­ers with a spe­cif­ic func­tion in each area. Any of these areas can be dam­aged by a corneal abra­sion, or scratch on the eye.Human eye detail

The five layers of your eye cornea include:

  1. 1. The Corneal Epithe­li­um

 The out­er lay­er of your cornea is very thin, and may only include 10 cells, or less. Mea­sur­ing an esti­mat­ed 50 microns, this area makes up only about 10 per­cent of the cornea. The ultra-thin epithe­lial cells of the eyes are con­stant­ly repro­duc­ing so, the turnover time for your corneal epithe­li­um is only about one week. 

  1. Bowman’s Lay­er 

Also a thin lay­er of your eye, this lay­er is very thin mea­sur­ing about 8 to 14 microns. This lay­er of your eyes is made of con­nec­tive tis­sues that cre­ate a bond between the corneal epithe­li­um, and stro­ma (the under­ly­ing lay­er). 

  1. Corneal Stro­ma

The mid­dle lay­er of your cornea is made up of col­la­gen fibers that arrange a sur­face about 500 microns thick. Mak­ing up approx­i­mate­ly 90 per­cent of the cornea in thick­ness, it is arranged par­al­lel to the sur­face of your cornea in 200 to 300 bun­dles of tis­sue known as lamel­lae. The arrange­ment of lamel­lae is how you are able to see clear­ly through your cornea. 

  1. Descemet’s Mem­brane 

The ultra-fine lay­er is pro­nounced “dees-eh-mays.” Over time, this lay­er thick­ens from about 5 microns as a child, to about 15 microns in thick­ness for adults. This lay­er is what sep­a­rates the stro­ma of your eye from the under­ly­ing lay­er.

  1. Corneal Endothe­li­um 

The inner­most lay­er of your cornea is in the back of the endothe­li­um. This sin­gle lay­er of cells mea­sures only about 5 microns thick. With a hexag­o­nal (six-sided) shape of the cells, the reg­u­lar arrange­ment is often­times called an endothe­lial mosa­ic. 

Am I At Risk From a Scratched Cornea?

One of the most com­mon eye injuries, a scratched cornea can cause you dis­com­fort, and oth­er symp­toms. If left untreat­ed, corneal abra­sion can even lead to an eye infec­tion which could cause a loss of vision. Eye cornea dam­age is very com­mon for peo­ple of all ages. Some peo­ple are more at risk for corneal abra­sions. These groups of peo­ple include:

  • Chil­dren, and tod­dlers
  • Any­one with untrimmed fin­ger­nails
  • Young peo­ple who are not cau­tious around sharp objects
  • Ath­letes
  • Peo­ple with dan­ger­ous, or extreme hob­bies
  • Work­ers who are exposed to haz­ards
  • Any­one who wears con­tacts eye damage by an injury

At-Home Remedies for Scratched Cornea

Avoid the urge to rub, or pull at your eyes if you get the feel­ing that you have some­thing in it. If your eyes are irri­tat­ed, and you look inside of your eye and real­ize there is noth­ing in it, you may have a corneal abra­sion. If you are not able to stop the irri­ta­tion in your eyes you may need a range of corneal abra­sion treat­ment. First, try to rinse the irri­tat­ed area with a rinse. If need­ed, repeat the rinse in both eyes until you can feel if there is a dif­fer­ence in the lev­el of pain, and irri­ta­tion you feel. 

How Can You Tell if You Scratched Your Cornea? 

There are cer­tain ways that you can find out how you tell if you scratched your cornea. The best way is to per­form a per­son­al inven­to­ry of com­mon symp­toms of a scratched cornea. Then, to pre­vent any risk of fur­ther irri­ta­tion, you need to sched­ule an eye exam. Until you are able to see an eye doc­tor, you can use these tips to reduce your risk of infec­tion until you can find out for sure if you have scratched your cornea. 

What Are The Best Eye Drops For Scratched Cornea 

You will need to rinse your eye out as soon as you notice the symp­toms of a scratched cornea. How­ev­er, you may be in a place where you do not have access to the best eye drops for cornea dam­age. For this rea­son, it is rec­om­mend­ed that you always keep a small bot­tle of eye drops with you at home, in the work­place, and in your car. 

The best eye drops for scratched cornea include water, nat­ur­al tears, arti­fi­cial tears, aller­gy drops, anti-red­ness drops, con­tact lens solu­tion, and oth­er rec­om­mend­ed rins­es from your eye doc­tor. Talk to your eye spe­cial­ist, and find out how you can also use eye drops for scratched cornea as how to sleep with a scratched eye. 

Remem­ber: Lubri­cat­ing your eyes is the top way to reduce your risk of corneal abra­sion, and using eye drops may also relieve symp­toms of a scratched cornea so it is rec­om­mend­ed that you pur­chase the best eye drops, and car­ry them with you at all times. 

Call the offices of Dia­mond Vision today to sched­ule an eye exam for your scratched cornea. If you are suf­fer­ing from any of the most com­mon symp­toms of a corneal abra­sion you may need corneal abra­sion treat­ment. Talk­ing to an eye spe­cial­ist is the best way to deter­mine what types of eye ther­a­py you need, so do not wait to make that call if you are suf­fer­ing from a scratched eye.

February 11th, 2020|Comments Off on Scratched Eye Symptoms and Treatment

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