• Swollen eyelid treatment

Reasons Behind Swollen Eyelids — Causes and Treatment

Swollen eye­lids are a painful give­away that some­thing is wrong. As eye care spe­cial­ists, we see and treat a lot of patients who come com­plain­ing of sud­den eye­lid swelling — none so far for a bro­ken heart.

The swollen eye­lids in our office have lit­tle to do with cheatin’ hearts and are more often caused by aller­gies, injuries, or virus­es. We can only sym­pa­thize with a bro­ken heart, but swollen eye­lid treat­ment is right up our alley!

4 Common Causes for Eyelid Swelling

We’ve noticed four major caus­es for a swollen eye­lid.

    1. Injury
      We’ve treat­ed our share of pro­fes­sion­al ath­letes and know that injuries can dam­age any part of the eye. Eye injury isn’t lim­it­ed to ath­letes, either: it’s a real haz­ard for con­struc­tion work­ers, mate­ri­als movers, welders, mechan­ics, jan­i­tors, plumbers, elec­tri­cians — any­one who works with mate­ri­als that can reach an eye.  

      Like any oth­er body part, the area around the eye, includ­ing the eye­lid, will swell if any part of the eye has been hit, poked, scratched, burned, or invad­ed by a for­eign object. These are, in fact, the five most com­mon caus­es of eye injury.

    2. Aller­gies
      Those of us of a cer­tain age remem­ber the Gil­da Rad­ner char­ac­ter Lisa Loop­n­er, the ulti­mate girl nerd famous for her aller­gies and snif­fles. A drip­py nose is bad enough but swollen eye­lids from aller­gies can actu­al­ly be pret­ty uncom­fort­able.

      When aller­gens reach the eyes, they dis­solve into reflex tears (one of three kinds of tears the eyes pro­duce), which trig­gers anti­bod­ies in the cells inside the eyes. The anti­bod­ies release his­t­a­mine, which trig­gers itch­ing tear­ing, sneez­ing, and watery nasal dis­charge.

    3. Stye
      These red bumps that appear on eye­lids, most often in chil­dren, come from bac­te­ria and inflam­ma­tion of one or more mei­bo­mi­an glands, which pro­duce oil. When they are blocked by bac­te­ria, the eye­lids react and swell, often painful­ly.
    4. Con­junc­tivi­tis
      Also called pink­eye, is what hap­pens when the con­junc­ti­va — the clear lin­ing over the eye­ball sur­face — becomes inflamed, usu­al­ly by a virus. It’s con­ta­gious and com­mon among chil­dren.

Swollen Eyelid Treatment Ranges From Home Remedies to Medication

Swollen eye­lids can eas­i­ly become painful, so don’t ignore them if they last more than a cou­ple of hours. If you wear con­tact lens­es, take them out.

Any injury to the eye should be assessed by med­ical per­son­nel for inte­ri­or dam­age.

  • If the injury was caused by an impact (a base­ball, a punch or poke, or fly­ing debris), put ice on it imme­di­ate­ly.
  • If there has been a chem­i­cal splash or an irri­tant entered the eye, flush it out with saline if avail­able. Vir­tu­al­ly all work­sites have eye flush­ing sta­tions.

There are plen­ty of home reme­dies for swollen eye­lids that aren’t the result of an injury. They include cold com­press­es and arti­fi­cial tears for con­junc­tivi­tis and aller­gies. Aller­gies can also be treat­ed with aller­gy eye drops and over the counter med­ica­tion that will stop the swelling and tear­ing.

Styes can be relieved with warm com­press­es. They can take a week or two to com­plete­ly clear up. Be sure to pre­vent spread­ing the infec­tion or rein­fec­tion while you’re treat­ing pink­eye or styes:

  • Replace or com­plete­ly dis­in­fect con­tact lens­es.
  • Throw out eye make­up.
  • Fre­quent­ly wash and replace tow­els, face wash­cloths, and pil­low­cas­es.

If your aller­gies are caused by pollen, try to reduce your time out­doors until the pollen count drops.

Did you know that there are spe­cial tears for cry­ing? They’re called emo­tion­al tears. Home reme­dies for swollen eye­lids caused by cry­ing include cold com­press­es and chilled face cream, lay­ing spoons on the eye­lids, and eat­ing choco­late.

January 24th, 2019|Comments Off on Reasons Behind Swollen Eyelids — Causes and Treatment

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