If you have ever been poked in the eye, suffered blunt eye trauma, or a bruised eyeball you already know that a common eye injury can cause a lot of pain. It is best to take great care of your eye health, and good vision during every stage of life. However, if you are like most people your eye health can take a lower priority than it deserves. Pay attention to your eyes, and use this guide to help prevent the 10 most common eye injuries. The most common types of eye injuries include: Punctured eyeball Nail in eye Sclera abrasion Scratched white part of eye Scratch on the eye Chemical burn Penetrating objects Swelling Bruising (black eye) Bleeding (eye hemorrhages) Trauma Inflammation 10 Common Eye Injuries and Treatment If you have an eye injury and are worried that it could cause permanent damage to your eyes and vision, do not wait to contact Diamond Vision. You can talk to an eye specialist immediately about your eye injury, and get the answers to your questions about treatments that work for you. Penetrating objects If you experience an eye trauma, and metal, wood, or another substance becomes trapped in the eye area, you may also sustain an eye injury. If it is possible to remove the substance from your eye, and seek help, do so immediately after coming in contact with the object. If you are able to protect your eye area continue to shield the area while you seek help.
Amblyopia in adults and children is common. However, this type of misalignment also known as “lazy eye” can take your vision, and harm your self-esteem. Caused by a breakdown in essential muscle, and nerve tissue associated with the eyes, amblyopia can also result from a loss of connectivity between the brain and eyes. When the symptoms of amblyopia start to show in adults one eye becomes lazy or has a tendency to wander inward or outward independently of the other eye. This type of unpredictable eye movement is also common in children. Amblyopia in children usually develops during the early stages of life (from birth to 7 years of age). While the reasons for developing a lazy eye can include genetics, overuse, or strain, the most common symptoms of amblyopia usually occur due to damage of essential muscle, and nerve tissues. Amblyopia in adults and children usually affects only one eye, and for this reason, many people simply refer to amblyopia as “lazy eye.” Children are commonly affected by amblyopia as it is the leading cause of vision loss in children thus, prevention is the key to reducing the risk of lazy eye. If you or your child has symptoms of lazy eye — never fear. Regardless of what causes lazy eye, there is a range of symptoms that can be treated easily. If you require amblyopia treatment or know someone who does, learning more about the many amblyopia causes can help you get the right type of therapy. How
If you are looking for the fastest way to get rid of a black eye, you may be scrambling around searching for something to mask the bruise and ease the pain. You are not alone if you want to find a black eye treatment that works quickly and effectively. What is the Best Bruised Eye Treatment? Swollen black eyes not only hurt, but they can also cause you to cover up the bruises quickly. If you are looking for a bruised eye treatment, you may need to face the fact that black eyes are generally just a minor bruise. Able to heal on their own in three to five days, small broken blood vessels in the eye area also cause skin discoloration along with swelling and puffiness. A How-To Remedy for Black Eyes: Simple 5‑Step Guide Cool the area Icing the area where you have bruising can help reduce pain, inflammation, and swelling. Apply a cold compress soon after the injury, and whenever you feel the need to reduce pain to eliminate swelling, discoloration, and damage where swollen black eyes need it most. Apply ice for 15 minutes at a time every hour for the first 24 hours, then as needed 3 ‑5 times daily. Heat the area After your swollen black eyes begin the healing process, you can apply a warm compress to the area three to five times a day to reduce swelling, and stabilize the damage. NOTE: Use gentle pressure and never push against your eye.
An eye freckle is a natural mark that can take on a personality of its own. However, there are times when eye freckles could be the sign of something more serious. An iris freckle, moles on the eyeball, and other hyperpigmentation spots on the eye should be checked by a doctor. While freckles are usually nothing to fear, it is important to pay attention to the warning signs that the eye freckle is more than just a beauty mark. Here is what you need to know about eye freckles, and how to reduce the health risks. What Are Eye Freckles? Fairly common, and essentially not serious eye freckles can occur for many reasons. However, if you have an eye freckle it could develop into a more serious health concern known as melanoma. This is rare, but potentially dangerous to your overall health even if the risk is only in your eye. Talk to your ophthalmologist about discolorations in your eyes including moles, hyperpigmentation, and eye freckles. Oftentimes, harmful freckles can be prevented by identifying risk factors and reducing any type of health problems associated with your lifestyle. What Causes Eye Freckles? Eye freckles occur for a variety of reasons. Some people notice that they have an eye freckle, but do not know what caused it, or how to prevent more freckles in their eyes. Positive family history Depending on your race, medical history, and your family genetics you could be at a greater risk of developing eye freckles. Generally, people
Eyelid twitching, or eyelid spasming, is something of a medical mystery. No one is certain why this condition, medically known as blepharospasm, can go from occasional to chronic. It’s often a symptom of another underlying medical problem. What’s Going On With This Eyelid Twitching? Stress, fatigue, caffeine, and alcohol are common causes of eye twitching. Certain medications and irritants like pollution, dander, dust, and allergens can also trigger this. The condition also seems to run in certain families and may be genetic in some cases. While occasional eyelid twitching is normal, ongoing and severe twitches are a bit of a medical mystery. If twitching turns into nonstop blinking, the eyes become more sensitive to light and vision gets blurred. Twitches are painless but when they last for several hours, the entire face might start spasming or the upper eyelid may droop. Call a physician if this happens, or if twitching persists for a week. Common causes for persistent twitching include: • Inflammation in the eyelids (blepharitis) • Conjunctivitis (pink eye) • Dry eye • Eyes that are sensitive to light Rarely, persistent eyelid twitching is a sign for more serious problems including such as: • Tourette’s syndrome, a neurological disorder that produces repetitive involuntary movements and vocalizations • Parkinson’s Disease, caused by the brain producing less dopamine that controls movement • Bell’s Palsy, which occurs when muscles on one side of the face are weakened • Dystonia, a condition related to Parkinson’s in which certain muscles continuously and uncontrollably contract Sometimes
Have you ever experienced a sore eyelid or dry, itchy eyelids that didn’t go away after warm compresses, showering, or carefully washing the area? If so, you aren’t alone. This condition, called blepharitis, is one of the most common reasons besides vision screen or vision problems that send patients to an optometrist or ophthalmologist. Blepharitis is a Common Eyelid Infection Among Contact Lenses Wearers Blepharitis is pretty common as far as eyelid infection goes. It’s caused by bacteria or fungi that infect the edges of the eyelids. It’s not unusual to see it in people who wear contact lenses and touch their eyelids a lot as they insert and remove them. Its calling card, so to speak, is dry skin on an eyelid that won’t go away. People with dry eye problems often develop blepharitis. The two are related and it’s not always clear what came first — the dry eye or blepharitis. Both occur when the Meibomian glands, that secrete oil to prevent tears from drying up, become blocked or otherwise stop functioning. Other people who are susceptible to blepharitis (regardless of whether they wear contact lenses or not) include people who suffer from different types of dermatitis that can spread to the face. Blepharitis can appear as eczema around the eyes in people who have the condition to begin with, as well as those who have rosacea, psoriasis, or even dandruff. It often occurs with pinkeye (conjunctivitis), which is highly contagious. Blepharitis by itself is not contagious.
Most of the time, our eyes show a normal pupil size. Patients understand that pupil dilation (when pupils become larger) occurs in low light and will shrink in bright light. Pupils will return to their normal size in time and without treatment. But, many patients are understandably concerned when their pupils, or those of a family member, suddenly enlarge and remain that way. Read on to learn about the causes of dilated pupils. Why Do Pupils Dilate and Stay That Way? There are many causes for dilated pupils that don’t return to their normal size. They include: Sexual attraction Eye diseases Eye or head injury Medication use Illicit drug use Hormonal imbalance (e.g. increase in the hormone oxytocin) Get medical help immediately if you or someone you are with experiences sudden pupil dilation after an accident, or has dilated pupils accompanied by confusion. These might be signs of brain injury or stroke. 5 Causes of Dilated Pupils Dilated Pupils Might Be a Sign of Sexual Attraction Let’s start with a fun fact: pupil dilation that’s not caused by moving to dim lights can be a sign of attraction to someone nearby. Oxytocin, the “love hormone” is one of the causes of dilated pupils. So, if you look into the eyes of your spouse or significant other during “alone time” and his or her eyes dilate, that means he or she finds you attractive. For most people, this is a heartening sign, right? But like so much in medicine and life,
Pregnant women expect a lot of changes, but few are aware that pregnancy can alter their vision. Only about 15% of women experience notable vision change during pregnancy. However, if you or your partner are pregnant or planning a pregnancy, it’s good to know about this. What Causes Vision Changes in Pregnancy? You don’t need us to tell you that pregnancy causes enormous hormone changes. Your vision can change along with weight gain and food cravings. Most of the time, vision change during pregnancy is temporary. Dry eyes are probably the most common since pregnant women often retain water. They can be more problematic during the autumn and spring allergy seasons so it may be a good idea to take out the contact lenses and wear glasses instead. Otherwise, artificial tears or eye drops can ease dry eye, especially for women who strongly prefer contact lenses. Other pregnant women may find their eyesight is a little blurry or otherwise a bit weaker. For this reason, they should hold off on getting a new eyeglass or contact lens prescription until after delivery. (But it’s perfectly fine to celebrate with a new pair of frames!) When to Report Blurred Vision While Pregnant Most of the time, blurred vision in pregnancy is nothing to worry about. However, there are reasons to mention it to your obstetrician. It can be a sign of unusually high blood pressure. Pregnancy will cause blood pressure to rise. For some women it can get too high, a condition
Peripheral vision refers to the ability to see objects around you without turning your head, “in the corner of the eye.” Loss of peripheral vision is when this ability goes away. It’s often referred to as tunnel vision. What Causes Loss of Peripheral Vision? The eye is a highly sensitive organ that is susceptible to damage to other parts of the head. Losing peripheral vision is often a side effect of more serious diseases, conditions, and head or eye injury. • Glaucoma, the most common cause of blindness, is a leading cause of loss of peripheral vision as well. It causes a buildup of pressure and fluids that can lead to a stroke inside the eye and damage the optic nerve that interprets what the eye sees to the brain. Early detection for glaucoma during routine eye exams can reduce the likelihood of losing peripheral and overall vision. People at risk for glaucoma include those with a family history of the disease or have diabetes. African Americans and Latinos are at higher risk as they age. People who have chronic eye inflammation and thinning corneas are also at risk. Glaucoma can be triggered by certain medications that increase eye pressure. • Retinitis Pigmentosa (RP) is an inherited disorder that affects the retina, the part of the eye that senses light. Early signs of RP appear in the teens and include problems seeing at night and difficulty identifying certain colors; loss of peripheral vision comes later. Unfortunately, most people with RP