• The Causes of Eye Pressure and How to Reduce It

What Causes High eye Pressure and How to Reduce it

It is impor­tant to pay atten­tion to the symp­toms and caus­es of ill­ness­es and dis­abil­i­ties direct­ly involv­ing our eyes, such as glau­co­ma or high eye pres­sure. In the same like­ness of keep­ing a bal­anced blood pres­sure for good health, it is also impor­tant to have a healthy amount of eye pres­sure.

Is Eye Pressure Normal?

Hav­ing high eye pres­sure can be a fac­tor in get­ting glau­co­ma but does not always lead to glau­co­ma. It is nor­mal to expe­ri­ence a fluc­tu­a­tion of eye pres­sure through­out the day accord­ing to the Glau­co­ma Research Foun­da­tion and when you encounter high eye pres­sure with­out any oth­er symp­toms or dam­ages to the optic nerve, this is sim­ply referred to as Ocu­lar Hyper­ten­sion; how­ev­er, if you are expe­ri­enc­ing any symp­toms of high pres­sure it is impor­tant to get test­ing done to find out how like­ly you are to devel­op glau­co­ma.

Accord­ing to the Amer­i­can Acad­e­my for Oph­thal­mol­o­gy, mea­sur­ing eye pres­sure is sim­i­lar to mea­sur­ing blood pres­sure. When eye pres­sure is being eval­u­at­ed, the amount of eye flu­id and the flow or drainage is being checked.  Although all the caus­es have not yet been iden­ti­fied for high eye pres­sure, there are some fac­tors that have been found to be asso­ci­at­ed.

Causes for High Pressure and Glaucoma

Restrict­ed Drainage — A clear flu­id (aque­ous humor) con­tin­u­al­ly flows from the front of the eye, an even amount is made to replen­ish the amount being drained. When this flow is restrict­ed, flu­id builds up in the eye cre­at­ing an increase in pres­sure. When the pres­sure caus­es nerve dam­age, this leads to glau­co­ma.

Thick Cornea — If a patient is being checked for glau­co­ma or the doc­tor may per­form a pachym­e­try test to check the thick­ness of his cornea. This actu­al­ly has no effect to the actu­al flu­id pres­sure in the eye, how­ev­er, because of the thick­er cornea, eye pres­sure read­ings could read as a false high.

Medical Treatments

Although glau­co­ma and vision loss can­not be reversed, if caught ear­ly enough, treat­ments can be done to reduce symp­toms such as headaches and eye pain.

Eye drops — there is a pletho­ra of pre­scrip­tion eye drops that the doc­tor would pre­scribe in the ini­tial stages of high eye pres­sure or glau­co­ma. The main goal for these eye drops is to either reduce the amount of flu­id made by the eye or improv­ing liq­uid flow.eye drops

Oral Med­ica­tions — in the case that eye drops don’t alle­vi­ate any pres­sure or dis­com­fort, oth­er med­ica­tion may be pre­scribed. In a state­ment made on the Mayo Clin­ic web­site, the pos­si­ble side effects of these med­ica­tions include “fre­quent uri­na­tion, tin­gling in the fin­ger and toes, depres­sion, stom­ach upset and kid­ney stones”.

Surg­eries and Ther­a­pies — As a last resort,  surgery or laser ther­a­py is an option to improve the drainage of eye flu­id, tar­get­ing the tubes that aque­ous humor flow through.

Homeopathic and Lifestyle Tips

Some changes to your mun­dane rou­tine can bal­ance the amount of eye pres­sure expe­ri­enced as well as pro­mote all-around eye health and more.

Exer­cis­ing — When doing car­dio you are increas­ing blood flow through your body which includes the optic nerves and the reti­na. Because some eye dis­eases and oth­er vision prob­lems can come from high blood pres­sure, it is impor­tant to include car­dio into your dai­ly reg­i­men.

Healthy Diet- Eat­ing dark leafy greens, foods with omega-3 fat­ty acids or includ­ing more vit­a­mins C, E and A into your diet will help with over­all eye health.

Ele­vat­ed Sleep­ing — As stat­ed by The Mayo Clin­ic, sleep­ing with your head on a wedge pil­low or on a stack of pil­lows at a 20-degree angle can reduce eye pres­sure dur­ing sleep.

Herbal sup­ple­ments - Bil­ber­ry and Gink­go are just a few of the herbal reme­dies that adver­tise their effects against glau­co­ma and eye pres­sure. This should not be used as an ulti­mate alter­na­tive to pre­scrip­tions or ther­a­pies direct­ed by doc­tors.

Relax­ation - One fac­tor that pro­vokes the rise in eye pres­sure can be stress. Med­i­ta­tion, yoga and oth­er cop­ing tech­niques can help decrease eye pres­sure.

Mar­i­jua­na - Although is it not rec­om­mend­ed by The Amer­i­can Acad­e­my of Oph­thal­mol­o­gy, alter­na­tive med­i­cine stud­ies have shown that mar­i­jua­na can reduce eye pres­sure for about 3 to 4 hours.

Decrease Caf­feine Intake - It is com­mon to hear that lim­it­ing the amount of caf­feine for over­all health. Stud­ies have shown that con­sum­ing too much caf­feine can cause high eye pres­sure.

If at any time you are expe­ri­enc­ing dis­com­fort or any symp­toms men­tioned, make an appoint­ment with your doc­tor. To find out more about what pre­cau­tions to take towards your eye health, con­tact us or read more on our web­site.

October 2nd, 2018|Comments Off on What Causes High eye Pressure and How to Reduce it

About the Author:

Born in Connecticut and raised in Upstate New York , Dr. Stetson graduated Cum Laude from Colgate University in New York, and then earned an MD degree with honors at the University of Vermont College of Medicine. He distinguished himself again in residency at the Albany Medical Center, where he obtained the highest percentile in the Ophthalmology Knowledge Assessment Examinations. Dr. Stetson has performed more than 50,000 refractive surgeries and has been on staff at Diamond Vision since 2004, before becoming Medical Director in 2006.


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