• freckles

Freckles in the Eyes

An eye freck­le is a nat­ur­al mark that can take on a per­son­al­i­ty of its own. How­ev­er, there are times when eye freck­les could be the sign of some­thing more seri­ous. An iris freck­le, moles on the eye­ball, and oth­er hyper­pig­men­ta­tion spots on the eye should be checked by a doc­tor. While freck­les are usu­al­ly noth­ing to fear, it is impor­tant to pay atten­tion to the warn­ing signs that the eye freck­le is more than just a beau­ty mark.

Here is what you need to know about eye freck­les, and how to reduce the health risks.

What Are Eye Freckles? 

Fair­ly com­mon, and essen­tial­ly not seri­ous eye freck­les can occur for many rea­sons. How­ev­er, if you have an eye freck­le it could devel­op into a more seri­ous health con­cern known as melanoma. This is rare, but poten­tial­ly dan­ger­ous to your over­all health even if the risk is only in your eye. 

Talk to your oph­thal­mol­o­gist about dis­col­orations in your eyes includ­ing moles, hyper­pig­men­ta­tion, and eye freck­les. Often­times, harm­ful freck­les can be pre­vent­ed by iden­ti­fy­ing risk fac­tors and reduc­ing any type of health prob­lems asso­ci­at­ed with your lifestyle.

What Causes Eye Freckles? 

Eye freck­les occur for a vari­ety of rea­sons. Some peo­ple notice that they have an eye freck­le, but do not know what caused it, or how to pre­vent more freck­les in their eyes. 

  • Positive family history

Depend­ing on your race, med­ical his­to­ry, and your fam­i­ly genet­ics you could be at a greater risk of devel­op­ing eye freck­les. Gen­er­al­ly, peo­ple with a lighter skin tone are more prone to devel­op­ing an eye freck­le, or a mole in the eye­ball than peo­ple with a dark­er skin tone. 

  • Damaging UV rays

The sun pro­duces harm­ful ultra­vi­o­let radi­a­tion that con­tributes to the break­down of tis­sues in the hair, skin, and eyes. If improp­er­ly pro­tect­ed from the sun, UV rays can not only burn, and dam­age your skin, but they may also cause eye freck­les. Notice that there are dif­fer­ent types of dam­ag­ing UV rays includ­ing UVA, and UVB

Both of these types of ultra­vi­o­let rays require dif­fer­ent lev­els of pro­tec­tion. Peo­ple who spend exces­sive amounts of time in the sun are shown to have more inci­dence of an iris freck­le. 

NOTE: Always use qual­i­ty eye­glass­es when you are out­doors to pro­tect your­self from harm­ful UV rays, even if it is not sun­ny out­side. 

  • Conjunctival pigmented lesions 

This is a type of lesion in the area of the white part of the eye. Known as the con­junc­ti­va, the area is a com­mon place where eye freck­les devel­op. Over half of all con­junc­ti­val lesions appear dur­ing child­hood. 

  • A type of birthmark 

Many peo­ple are born with an eye freck­le. A type of birth­mark, eye freck­les are sim­i­lar to the types of melanocytes on the skin (hyper­pig­men­ta­tion) known as freck­les. 

  • Iris pigmented lesions  

The area of your eye that is col­ored is called the iris. When a freck­le occurs on the iris it is also called an iris nevus — one of the most com­mon types of eye freck­les. 

  • Choroidal pigmented lesions 

Approx­i­mate­ly one out of ten peo­ple has this type of eye freck­le that occurs in the back of the eye. This type of hyper­pig­ment­ed lesion, also known as choroidal nevus, can be a sign of more seri­ous health con­cerns. When you see these flat spots of freck­les on your eye, talk to your doc­tor. 

Understanding More About Your Eye Freckles

Redhead freckled woman

It is impor­tant to under­stand each dis­tinc­tive mark of your eyes. There are many dif­fer­ent sizes, shapes, and col­ors of eye freck­les depend­ing on the type of eye col­or you have, and genet­ics in your fam­i­ly. 

You may have a very unique look because of your eye freck­les. Some peo­ple have light brown spots in the white area, while oth­ers have dark, flat hyper­pig­men­ta­tion in the col­ored area of their eyes. All of these are dis­tinc­tive mark­ings that only you pos­sess. 

While it is rare that hyper­pig­men­ta­tion spots of the eye, eye freck­les, and moles on the eye­ball are dan­ger­ous, in some cas­es they could be an indi­ca­tion of a health prob­lem. That is why it is impor­tant to keep good track of the type of eye freck­les you have. If they change over time, report the changes to your doc­tor, and ask if you need an eye spe­cial­ist for fur­ther care.  

When you have dis­tinc­tive-look­ing eyes, it could be the col­or, fam­i­ly genet­ics, or oth­er marks like eye freck­les. How­ev­er, when eye freck­les or moles devel­op over time or sud­den­ly appear, your body could be telling you that some­thing is wrong. Do not ignore your eye freck­les! Call to the offices of Dia­mond Vision today about main­tain­ing your healthy eyes and good vision.

September 11th, 2019|Comments Off on Freckles in the Eyes

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